Travel 75 km northeast of Moscow and you can find the picturesque town of Sergiev Posad. A small but fascinating town, Sergiev Posad is rich in history. Most famous for the 14th century Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius, it is one of the most important centers of the Orthodox religion.
A visit to Sergiev Posad will give you a great insight into Russian culture and traditions.
The history of Sergiev Posad dates back to the 14th century and is connected with St Sergius of Radonezh. The country’s most revered saint, St Sergius of Radonezh set up a monastery here. Since the 1300s, people have been pilgrimaging here to pay homage to him.
The monastery is today known as The Trinity Monastery and remains one of the most sacred places in Russia. From its creation in 1337, it grew into a Lavra and united several settlements around it.
The Trinity Monastery has been an impregnable stronghold for many moments in history. Times like the reign of Ivan the Terrible and the Times of Troubles, the Lavra has been a center of Russian resistance.
The Golden Ring of Russia pertains to old Russian cities of five Oblasts. In 1969 Sergiev Posad obtained Golden Ring status. This city is the only one in the Moscow Region to be included in the Golden Ring.
Since the 14th century, the Trinity Monastery of St. Sergius has grown to over 300 monks. The monastery was closed by the Bolsheviks but reopened following WWII as a museum and working monastery.
As well as being a sacred place, Sergiev Posad is the birthplace of matryoshka (Russian doll).
VISITING Sergiev Posad
As Sergiev Posad is a whole city, there is plenty to see during your visit.
The Trinity Monastery is one of the principal attractions. Many of the founder’s relics, St Sergius of Radonezh, are kept in the Trinity Cathedral. Visitors should be mindful that during church holidays, especially on the most significant dates, the monastery turns into a place of mass pilgrimage.
The Toy Museum opened in 1918. A two-story mansion displays homemade wooden figures and toy soldiers. As the birthplace of the Russian doll, the Matryoshka collection is extensive. Visitors can see some rare nesting dolls and even take part in a painting master-class upon request.
Tourists traveling from Moscow can get to the city by bus or train. Bus journeys leave from Moscow’s VDNKh metro station and last about two hours. If traveling by train, the journey will take about 1 – 2 hours, leaving from Yaroslavl Station.
Sergiyev Posad has plenty of hotels if you want to stay in the city for several days.
While visiting Sergiyev Posad it is a great chance to try some authentic Russian cuisine. At many restaurants, you can try such local dishes as shashlyk, solyanka, borshch, ukha, and pelmeni.
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